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Summary of Systematic Review

Social and Communicative Interventions and Transition Outcomes for Youth with Disabilities: A Systematic Review
Alwell, M., & Cobb, B. (2009).
Career Development for Exceptional Individuals, 32(2), 94-107.

This review meets the criteria for a high-quality evidence-based systematic review.

Indicators of Review Quality:

The review states a clearly focused question or aim No
Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided Yes
Search strategy is described in sufficient detail for replication Yes
Included studies are assessed for study quality Yes
Quality assessments are reproducible Yes
Characteristics of the included studies are provided Yes

Description:
This review of scientifically-based research studies (including group-based, single-subject, or qualitative designs) explores the relationship between communicative interventions and transition-related outcomes for adolescents with disabilities.

Question(s)/Aim(s) Addressed:
Question not specifically stated.

Population:
Secondary-aged youth with disabilities

Intervention/Assessment:
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), conversation skills, decreasing inappropriate behavior, and social skills training

Number of Studies Included:
30

Years Included:
1985 to January 2003

Conclusions:

Social Communication Disorders

  • Treatment

    • Cognition/Language

      • Augmentative-Alternative Communication

        • General Findings

          • In regard to acquisition of social/communicative skills by secondary aged youth with disabilities, efficacy was found with social skills training, augmentative and alternative communication, and interventions designed to enhance conversation skills (pp. 28-29).  The study authors were unable "to draw aggregate conclusions about the efficacy of behavior-analytic interventions [...] designed to reduce inappropriate social behavior" (p. 29).

      • Behavioral Interventions/Techniques

        • General Findings

          • In regard to acquisition of social/communicative skills by secondary aged youth with disabilities, efficacy was found with social skills training, augmentative and alternative communication, and interventions designed to enhance conversation skills (pp. 28-29).  The study authors were unable "to draw aggregate conclusions about the efficacy of behavior-analytic interventions [...] designed to reduce inappropriate social behavior" (p. 29).

      • Discourse Skills Interventions

        • In regard to acquisition of social/communicative skills by secondary aged youth with disabilities, efficacy was found with social skills training, augmentative and alternative communication, and interventions designed to enhance conversation skills (pp. 28-29). The study authors were unable "to draw aggregate conclusions about the efficacy of behavior-analytic interventions [...] designed to reduce inappropriate social behavior" (p. 29).

      • Pragmatic/Social Skills Treatment

        • General Findings

          • In regard to acquisition of social/communicative skills by secondary aged youth with disabilities, efficacy was found with social skills training, augmentative and alternative communication, and interventions designed to enhance conversation skills (pp. 28-29). The study authors were unable "to draw aggregate conclusions about the efficacy of behavior-analytic interventions [...] designed to reduce inappropriate social behavior" (p. 29).

Spoken Language Disorders

  • Treatment

    • Cognition/Language

      • Pragmatics/Social Skills/Discourse

        • In regard to acquisition of social/communicative skills by secondary aged youth with disabilities, efficacy was found with social skills training, augmentative and alternative communication, and interventions designed to enhance conversation skills (pp. 28-29).  The study authors were unable "to draw aggregate conclusions about the efficacy of behavior-analytic interventions [...] designed to reduce inappropriate social behavior" (p. 29).

Sponsoring Body:
U.S. Department of Education

Keywords:
Deafness, Learning Disabilities, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Cerebral Palsy, Down Syndrome, Intellectual Disabilities (use for Mental Retardation), Language Disorders, Specific Language Impairment, Developmental Disorders, Social Skills.

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